[109] Townshend had taken to wearing a boiler suit and Doctor Martens shoes. had ended, the mod movement was becoming unfashionable, and the Who found themselves in competition on the London circuit with groups including Cream and the Jimi Hendrix Experience. He decided their friendship was important, and this ultimately led to writing and recording new material. The group released the concept album Quadrophenia in 1973 as a celebration of their mod roots, and oversaw the film adaptation of Tommy in 1975. [141][142], Recording at the Record Plant in New York City in March 1971 was abandoned when Lambert's addiction to hard drugs interfered with his ability to produce. Among original material by Townshend, including the title track and "The Kids Are Alright", the album has several James Brown covers from the session earlier that year that Daltrey favoured. [305] In September 2015, all remaining US tour dates were cancelled after Daltrey contracted viral meningitis. After "I Can't Explain" used session men for backing vocals, Townshend and Entwistle resolved to do better themselves on subsequent releases, producing strong backing harmonies. Legendary drummer Keith Moon passed in 1978 and was replaced by former Small Facesdrummer Kenney Jones. [139] Eventually, the others complained to Townshend that the project was too complicated and they should simply record another album. [279] Later that year, Rolling Stone ranked the Who No. Their classic line-up consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist and singer Pete Townshend, bass guitarist John Entwistle, and drummer Keith Moon. [78] When Moon was destroying toilets in hotels, Entwistle confessed he "was standing behind him with the matches". Townshend had written a song, "I Can't Explain", that deliberately sounded like the Kinks to attract Talmy's attention. 1946 August 23 Keith John Moon is born to Alfred Charles (Alf) Moon and Kathleen Winifred (Kit) Moon in Central Middlesex Hospital, London [397][398] The group's songs have featured in other popular TV series such as The Simpsons,[399] and Top Gear, which had an episode where the presenters were tasked with being roadies for the band. Sometime later, on John's recommendation, Pete Townshend was added to the line up. Entwistle's bass became more of a lead instrument,[15] playing melodies. [65] The group continued to have conflict; on 20 May, Moon and Entwistle were late to a gig having been on the Ready Steady Go! [31] The group – none of whom played their instruments conventionally[32] – began to improve their stage image; Daltrey started using his microphone cable as a whip on stage, and occasionally leapt into the crowd; Moon threw drumsticks into the air mid-beat; Townshend mimed machine-gunning the crowd with his guitar while jumping on stage and playing guitar with a fast arm-windmilling motion,[33] or stood with his arms aloft allowing his guitar to produce feedback in a posture dubbed "the Bird Man". The following week, the audience were keen to see a repeat of the event. This performance was strong, and several tracks were used in the film. I never realised dynamite was so powerful. The album reached No. Are any of the ABBA band members still together? He avoided the hi-hat, and concentrated on a mix of tom rolls and cymbals. Beginning of a dialog window, including tabbed navigation to register an account or sign in to an existing account. [2] Townshend and Entwistle became friends in their second year of Acton County, and formed a trad jazz group;[3] Entwistle also played French horn in the Middlesex Schools' Symphony Orchestra. Things deteriorated until Townshend had a nervous breakdown and abandoned Lifehouse. [140] Entwistle was the first member of the group to release a solo album, Smash Your Head Against the Wall, in May 1971. [67], To alleviate financial pressure on the band, Lambert arranged a song-writing deal which required each member to write two songs for the next album. The original group played a mixture of trad jazz and contemporary pop hits as the Detours, and R&B in 1963. Moon acquired a reputation of destroying hotel rooms while on tour,[75] with a particular interest in blowing up toilets. [168] Townshend played multi-tracked synthesizers, and Entwistle played several overdubbed horn parts. In the original band, Sandom had been the peacemaker and settled disputes. Moon's playing was particularly lacklustre and he had gained a lot of weight,[203] though Daltrey later said, "even at his worst, Keith Moon was amazing. Sie waren die jungen Wilden der sechziger Jahre. in October. [12] Daltrey was considered the leader and, according to Townshend, "ran things the way he wanted them". [254] Some critics disliked the tour's over-produced and expanded line-up, calling it "The Who on Ice";[255] Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic said the tour "tarnished the reputation of the Who almost irreparably". This page is a list of the various personnel and line-ups that have been a part of the English rock band the Who, from their origin as the Detours in 1962 to the present day. [360] His two contributions to Tommy ("Cousin Kevin" and "Fiddle About") appeared because Townshend did not believe he could write songs as "nasty" as Entwistle's. [66] Moon kept looking for other work, and Jeff Beck had him play drums on his song "Beck's Bolero" (with Page, John Paul Jones and Nicky Hopkins) because he was "trying to get Keith out of the Who". The Who Band members constantly changed over the years, and The Who Band members now are as well the founders. [71] It was followed in 1967 by the UK Top 5 single "Pictures of Lily". [36][37] Lambert related to Townshend and his art school background, and encouraged him to write songs. [260], In 1996, Townshend, Entwistle and Daltrey performed Quadrophenia with guests and Starkey on drums at Hyde Park. [164] Following a short European tour, the remainder of 1972 was spent working on an orchestral version of Tommy with Lou Reizner. Entwistle contributed "Boris the Spider" and "Whiskey Man" and found a niche role as second songwriter. [379] Shortly after arriving in London in 1966, Jimi Hendrix visited Marshall's music shop demanding an amp setup like Townshend's[356] and manipulated electronic noises in ways that Townshend had pioneered. [400], Rock-oriented films such as Almost Famous,[401] School of Rock[402] and Tenacious D in the Pick of Destiny refer to the band and feature their songs,[403] and other films have used the band's material in their soundtracks, including Apollo 13 (which used "I Can See For Miles")[404] and Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (which used a take of "My Generation" recorded for the BBC). [267] Critics were delighted to see a rejuvenated band with a basic line-up comparable to the tours of the 1960s and 1970s. [57] Peaking at No. [58], After My Generation, the Who fell out with Talmy, which meant an abrupt end to their recording contract. The Jam were influenced by the Who, and critics noticed a similarity between Townshend and the group's leader, Paul Weller. He signed them to his production company,[43] and sold the recording to the US arm of Decca Records, which meant that the group's early singles were released in Britain on Brunswick Records, one of UK Decca's labels for US artists. [35] In August, Lambert and Stamp made a promotional film featuring the group and their audience at the Railway. Jones officially joined the band in November 1978. – I mean somebody good." [80] Moon recalled his first attempt to flush one down the toilet: "[A]ll that porcelain flying through the air was quite unforgettable. [167] The music features four themes, reflecting the four personalities of the Who. The Members. [243], After the Who break-up, Townshend focused on solo albums such as White City: A Novel (1985), The Iron Man (1989, featuring Daltrey and Entwistle and two songs credited to the Who), and Psychoderelict (1993). Moon's playing improved, but on one track, "Music Must Change", he was replaced as he could not play in 6/8 time. [7], Daltrey, who was in the year above, had moved to Acton from Shepherd's Bush, a more working-class area. After leaving, he passed out in a doorway, where a policeman said he would not be arrested if he could stand and walk. Roadie John "Wiggie" Wolff, who arranged the band's payment, described it as "a shambles". Songs from the project made up 1971's Who's Next, which included the hit "Won't Get Fooled Again". [51], The transition to a hit-making band with original material, encouraged by Lambert, did not sit well with Daltrey, and a recording session of R&B covers went unreleased. The COVID-19 pandemic put the remainder of the tour on hold. [261], In November 2007, the documentary Amazing Journey: The Story of The Who was released, featuring unreleased footage of the 1970 Leeds appearance and a 1964 performance at the Railway Hotel when the group were The High Numbers. [39] Angered by the audience's laughter, he smashed the instrument on the stage, then picked up another guitar and continued the show. [205] In May, the Who filmed another performance at Shepperton Sound Studios for The Kids Are Alright. [200] He discovered that former Beatles and Rolling Stones manager Allen Klein had bought a stake in his publishing company. [68] The band found they needed to fill an extra ten minutes, and Lambert encouraged Townshend to write a longer piece, "A Quick One, While He's Away". The band formed in Westminster, London, in … Andy Greene in Rolling Stone called the 1999 tour better than the final one with Moon in 1976. [160] There was no group activity until May 1972, when they started working on a proposed new album, Rock Is Dead—Long Live Rock!,[161] but, unhappy with the recordings, abandoned the sessions. [207], On 6 September, Moon attended a party held by Paul McCartney to celebrate Buddy Holly's birthday. [120][121] The set was professionally recorded and filmed, and portions appear on the Woodstock film, The Old Grey Whistle Test and The Kids Are Alright. The suite of song fragments is about a girl who has an affair while her lover is away, but is ultimately forgiven. [122], Woodstock has been regarded as culturally significant, but the Who were critical of the event. [349] Entwistle's basses include a "Frankenstein" assembled from five Fender Precision and Jazz basses, and Warwick, Alembic, Gretsch and Guild basses. [109], In August, the Who performed at the Woodstock Festival, despite being reluctant and demanding $13,000 up front. Daltrey was grateful that the Who had saved him from a career as a sheet-metal worker and was unhappy at Townshend not playing well; Townshend felt the commitment of the group prevented him from releasing solo material. [393], The Who have inspired many tribute bands; Daltrey has endorsed the Whodlums, who raise money for the Teenage Cancer Trust. It was the last gig Moon performed with the Who. [356] Early material focused on the frustration and anxiety shared by mod audiences,[355] which Townshend said was a result of "searching for [his] niche". [133] The tour included their second appearance at the Isle of Wight Festival. Townshend's hair was singed and his left ear left ringing, and a camera and studio monitor were destroyed. [280], The Who announced in 2005 that they were working on a new album. [390] In the mid-1990s, Britpop bands such as Blur[391] and Oasis were influenced by the Who. [353], Jones' drumming style was in sharp contrast to Moon's. [27] Lambert and Stamp were tasked with finding "typical teens", and invited the group's regular audience from the Goldhawk Social Club. 7 in the US and No. [78] This and lengthy touring strengthened the band's sound. An audience member, Scot Halpin, filled in for the rest of the show. [144] The group restarted with Glyn Johns in April. The inevitable best-of album in 1976, ahead of what proved to be their final tour, marked the unofficial end of the original lineup's history. [327] The Who were early adopters of Marshall Amplification. In the meantime, The Detours had become a four-piece band; the drummer was changed with Keith Moon during early 1964. [84] It became their best selling single in the US, reaching No. A settlement was reached, but Townshend was upset and disillusioned that Klein had attempted to take ownership of his songs. Elton John used his own band for "Pinball Wizard". "[297], Jones reunited with the Who in June 2014 at a charity gig for Prostate Cancer UK his Hurtwood Polo Club, alongside Jeff Beck, Procol Harum and Mike Rutherford. [62], In 1966 the Who released "I'm a Boy", about a boy dressed as a girl, taken from an abortive collection of songs called Quads;[63] "Happy Jack";[64] and an EP, Ready Steady Who, that tied in with their regular appearances on Ready Steady Go! 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